The 21st century is unlike any other before it. The present moment in time has been defined as the age of information, globalization and volatility. Compared to the 20th century, which saw the advent and proliferation of industrialisation, the 21st century is characterised by the rapid pace of technological advancement. As times change, the mechanical and repetitive skills valued in the previous century are no longer sufficient for tackling today’s more complex challenges, which arise as a result of a globalized world with a knowledge-based economy. Therefore, education must also change, shifting the focus from memorization and passive learning to critical thinking and problem solving, and instilling a sense of global identity in youths. Global citizenship education is an educational philosophy that goes beyond the confines of a classroom and accounts for the 21st century’s most pressing issues.
In the 21st century world, global citizenship is no longer a choice but a necessity. Individuals, particularly youths, need to be cognizant of the workings of the world as well as the issues facing their fellow Earthlings, because this awareness is what will enable collective commitment and action towards sustainable development.
Although progress has been made ever since the establishment of the 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the problems that we are facing have not yet been alleviated. Thus, member states around the world - developing and developed - decided to come up with Agenda 2030 and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which aim to tackle the issues that we all face. They recognize that all issues presented are interconnected, as such in order to solve these problems, members of the global community or global citizens must work hand in hand to alleviate the current issues of our time. Despite our age, everyone of us can all help achieve the SDGs.